London Dig Uncovers Roman-era Skulls

NFL to play 3 games in London

financial-services firms. I do not believe the citys pre-eminent position will survive if we lose our role as Europes financial capital, Gerry Grimstone, chairman of the London-based group, said in remarks prepared for the groups annual dinner tonight. I dont believe we can maintain that position if we are not part of the single market. Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg said today a referendum on the U.K.s membership of the EU will happen and urged supporters of staying in the bloc to speak up. Prime Minister David Cameron s Conservatives have pledged a public vote by 2017. Clegg asked business leaders who oppose leaving the EU to make their position plain. The City, as Londons main financial district is known, must play a role in determining whether the country will stay in the EU, said Grimstone, who is also chairman of Standard Life Plc, Scotlands largest insurer. A stable euro zone is seen as vital by executives in the finance industry, he said, citing research by the group. Bischoff Warning It makes no sense to leave one of our key trade and investment relationships, the one that anchors us in Europe, Win Bischoff , chairman of Lloyds Banking Group Plc (LLOY) and a member of the lobby groups advisory council, said in separate prepared remarks. In the same way that New Yorks status as a global financial center is in large part determined by its location in the U.S., so London — a truly global financial center together with the centers outside the City — benefits from being Europes financial center, Bischoff said. Almost eighty percent of U.K. business leaders say Britain should remain a member of the EU, a survey by the Confederation of British Industry found last month. Only 10 percent said it was in Britains interests to leave the bloc, according to the U.K.s biggest business lobby group.

London’s junior market grows for first time since 2007

(See “London’s Underground Revealed.” ) The finds cut across historyeverything from 9,000-year-old Mesolithic stone tools, to medieval plague pits, to a 16th-century graveyard associated with the notorious Bedlam Hospital . Containing some 3,000 graves, the graveyard was also found near Liverpool Station, in the vicinity of the Roman-era skulls. So what are the scholars who uncovered these storied skulls saying about their find? We asked discovery team archaeologist Don Walker of the Museum of London Archaeology . What is the associationif anywith Boudicca’s rebellion? It has been suggested that previous finds of skulls dating to this period may belong to victims of the rebellion, and beheading is certainly not unheard of in Roman Britain. This is a possibility that must be considered but cannot be satisfactorily addressed until full analysis of all material is complete. A quick look at some of the unwashed skulls revealed no evidence of injury around the time of death. But if these people were executed, we might find evidence only on the small vertebrae of the neck and perhaps the jaw. Even if this was part of a massacre, and there is no evidence that it was, it would be difficult to link it directly to the Boudicca rebellion. Of course, we will keep an open mind for now.

An archaeologist digs out a possibly Roman skull from the site of the graveyard of the Bethlehem, or Bedlam, hospital next to Liverpool Street Station in the City of London. The dig is on the site of the future ticket hall for the Crossrail station at Liverpool Street.

Travel Ben Groundwater is Fairfax’s globetrotter on a shoe-string. Follow Ben on Twitter @bengroundwater Reprints & permissions Meeting place … the Walkabout in Shepherd’s Bush, London, has closed its doors. Photo: Julian Andrews As a symbol of Australian expat life in London, you couldn’t do much better than the Shepherd’s Bush Walkabout. The notorious Aussie pub embodied all that was good and bad about the Antipodean scene in Britain’s capital: snakebite pints at 10 in the morning; AFL grand finals with your mates; drunken hook-ups with girls from Adelaide; calling in sick for State of Origin; a little slice of home in a foreign city. You’ll note the past tense, because things in London have obviously changed: the SheBu Walkie has closed . It’s gone. No more. It served its final Fosters last Saturday night. It mopped up its last sneaky vomit; it kicked out its ultimate Aussie drunk. And that’s not all. TNT, the backpackers’ Bible, the required reading for anyone in London with an Aussie, Kiwi or South African passport, has been put into administration .

Markets closed NFL to play 3 games in London NFL to play 3 games in London next year, hosted by Jaguars, Falcons, Raiders Associated Press 4 hours ago View Photo NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell, left, and New England Patriots football team owner Robert Kraft talk as they arrive for the NFL fall meeting in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) WASHINGTON (AP) — The NFL will play three regular-season games at London’s Wembley Stadium next year, hosted by the Jaguars, Falcons and Raiders. The league announced Tuesday at its fall meetings that it was expanding its international series. It will be the most games the league has played abroad in one year. This season, Minnesota beat Pittsburgh 34-27 in September, and Jacksonville will host San Francisco on Oct. 27 as part of it a four-year commitment to move a home game to Wembley. Dates and opponents for the games will be announced when the schedule is compiled next year. “Our fans in the UK have continued to demonstrate that they love football and want more,” said Commissioner Roger Goodell, who has championed overseas games for years and someday believes the NFL will have a franchise based in London. “Both of this year’s games in London sold out quickly. The fan enthusiasm for our sport continues to grow. By playing two games in the UK this year, we are creating more fans. We hope that with three games in London next year we will attract even more people to our game.” The Raiders and Falcons never have played a regular-season game at Wembley.

What happened to London’s Aussie expats?

Accountancy group UHY Hacker Young said 20 companies floated on the London Stock Exchange’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) in the three months to Sept. 30, while 16 delisted. This was the first time more had joined than left since the third quarter of 2007. “More companies are again looking at an AIM initial public offering as an opportunity for growth,” said Laurence Sacker, Partner at UHY Hacker Young. AIM’s attractiveness to UK retail investors has been boosted by the government’s decision earlier this year to allow AIM stocks to be included in individual savings accounts (ISAs) – popular tax-free products – for the first time. The research showed 56 companies joined AIM in the 12 months to the end of September, raising a total of 881 million pounds ($1.42 billion) – up 70 percent on the previous 12 months. The overall value of companies listed on the AIM market was 67.7 billion pounds as of August, according to data from the LSE, down from a peak of 97.6 billion pounds in 2007. Stronger equity markets have helped revive new listings in Europe after years of subdued activity due to the financial crisis, with London one of the busiest destinations. Separate data from Ernst & Young over the weekend showed that, when the LSE’s main market is also included, more than 3 billion pounds has been raised from London listings so far this year, double the amount raised in the whole of 2012. Sacker said next year also looked busy for AIM, but the market is still a way off returning to previous levels – in the 12 months to Sept. 30 2007, 8.8 billion pounds was raised by AIM IPOs. “The deal pipeline is looking healthy.